Master English Tenses-PRESENT PERFECT

Present Perfect

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The Form of Present Perfect


Positive

I/you/we/they + have/ ‘ve + Past Participle (V3).

He/she/it + has/ ‘s + Past Participle (V3).

For Example;

I have visited many countries

I don’t know why but she has just left suddenly!


Negative

I/you/we/they + have not/ haven’t + Past Participle (V3).

He/she/it + has not/ hasn’t + Past Participle (V3).

For Example;

I think they haven’t married yet.

He hasn’t started to work yet.


Question

Have + I/you/we/they + Past Participle?

Has + he/she/it + Past Participle? 

For Example;

Have you ever been to a music festival? Yes, I have/ No, I haven’t

Has he prepared the presentation yet? Yes, he has/ No. he hasn’t


Note that regular past participles are the same verb form as past simple! ( Add -ed to the end of the verb)

For example;

work-worked-worked

talk-talked-talked

visit-visited-visited

study-studied-studied


When to Use the Present Perfect:

We use Present Perfect for experiences that happened sometime before now and have a relationship with the present. We don’t specify when it happened because it is not important.

For example;

She has studied a lot for the final exam.

They have participated in a speech of the president.

We use Past Simple when we say the exact time.

For Example;

She took the exam yesterday.

They took off last week.


Common Words to Use with Present Perfect

“Already, Just, Yet, For, Since, Ever, Never”

 

“ALREADY” means something has happened sooner than we expected.

The exam has already started. You cannot get in now.

“JUST” means a short time ago.

I have just seen them arguing.

“YET” is used only in questions and negatives sentences. It means something is expected to happen.

Have you started to work on your project yet?

He hasn’t done any preparation yet.

“FOR” is to use for talking about periods of time.

They have lived together for 10 years.

The baby has cried for ages

“SINCE” is to use for talking about a specific time.

They have lived together since 2008

The baby has cried since the morning.

“EVER” is used in questions. It means a time before now.

Have you ever been abroad?

HAs he ever helped you clean the house?

“NEVER” is used in negative statements and it means at no time before now

I have never gone skateboarding.

We have never traveled abroad with my mother.

 

I am happy for your eager to learn more!

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