The Form of Present Tense
Add -s after the verb with he/ she/it.
I/you/ we/they work for Ford.
He/she/it works really well.
Use the auxiliary do / does + not + verb.
He doesn’t work at the weekend.
I don’t work.
1) The verb be is irregular:
I am ⇔ I’m not
you / we / they are ⇔ you / we / they aren’t,
he / she / it is ⇔ he / she / it isn’t.
2) Verbs ending in consonant + -y (e.g. rely), change the -y to an -i and add –es.
He/ she/it relies on financial support.
3) Verbs ending in –ch, -o, -s, -ch, -ss, and -x (e.g. reach), add -es.
He/ she/it reaches new levels every day.
1) With be, put am / are / is first.
Are you Swedish?
2) With all other verbs, use do/does.
Does it cost a lot?
3) With question words (who, what, where, how, etc.), add do/does to the question word.
Where does he work? How do they get to work?
4) If the question word is the subject, do not use do/does.
Who works for a multinational?
We use the Present Simple to talk about:
• skills and abilities
>She is an excellent communicator.
>He hasn’t got/doesn’t have strong analytical skills.
• daily routines
>We go to the canteen for lunch.
>I don’t leave work before 7.00 p. m.
• facts and things that are generally true
>Sales of these products tend to peak in June.
>Retail banks offer a lot of financial services.
👉We can also use the Present Simple with an adverb of frequency (always, sometimes, etc.) to talk about things that happen regularly. Frequency adverbs go before the main verb, but after be.
>I often work at the weekends.
>She is never late for meetings.
>What do you normally do for lunch?